All Posts By Bethany R. Brandon

Indigenous tribes treated as states in reconciliation bill

Indigenous tribes would be treated the same as US states for the purpose of issuing tax-exempt debt under the House reconciliation bill that is currently being debated.

The provision eliminates the requirement for native tribes to fulfill the often burdensome essential government function test and replace it with a new section 7871 (c), which would place native tribes and states on a similar playing field.

“What this bill seeks to do is establish greater tax fairness and equality, between what state and local governments do and what tribal governments do,” said Townsend Hyatt, chief practice officer. Indian Tribal Finance Orrick.

Townsend Hyatt, a partner at Orrick, leads the firm’s Indian tribal finance practice.

Most tribal debt issuance is done through commercial loans, but market participants agree that this development will increase issuance volume.

But some details have yet to be determined as to what this will actually mean for individual tribes.

“The tax code says that the tax exemption is really primarily for the benefit of governments and as long as private parties are involved, they want to significantly limit their ability to use or benefit from the tax exemption,” Hyatt added. .

For states, this is the function of a volume cap, which limits the number of private activity bonds issued each year based on a state’s population. It gets more complex when it comes to individual tribes, of which around 550 are currently active in the United States.

The core government function test essentially means that for a tribal bond to be exempt from tax, it must not fund any function that is not usually performed by state and local governments. State and local issuers do not have such a provision attached to their obligations.

Since the introduction of Tribal Economic Development Bonds in 2010, tribes have been able to issue these bonds as an exception to the essential government function test, with a volume cap of $ 2 billion.

“In other words, we can do through 10 bonds what we could not do otherwise, as a core government function. But Congress limited that to a volume cap of $ 2 billion nationwide, and now almost all of that volume cap is gone, ”Hyatt said.

Removing the essential government function test would allow tribes to issue tax-exempt bonds just as states can, but instead of having a volume cap on individual tribes as it works for individual states, it There will be a national volume cap, similar to the $ 2 billion cap for Economic Development Bonds, on the amount of tribal emissions nationwide. The total value of the cap is to be determined as the language of the bill is finalized.

These changes in favor of more equitable access to debt issuance have been overlooked. at the top of the list of the priorities of the industry, but have certainly been a long time to come.

The amendments to Section 7871 (c) of the Tax Code contained in Section 135601 of the proposed legislation appear to be in line with the 2011 Treasury Department recommendation, which recommended eliminating the essential government function test, limit any tax-exempt funding for games. , establish a national volume cap for private tribal activity obligations, as well as eligibility criteria for the location of the project.

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Sports betting licenses go to 10 Indian tribes, 8 professional sports organizations

The Arizona Department of Gaming has authorized 10 Arizona Indian tribes to offer sports betting, including two with ties to Nevada companies.

The agency produced a list of the 10 tribes that will be allowed to take betting on matches from September 9 on Friday evening. The department also announced that eight professional sports teams and organizations have also been licensed. Arizona law allowed 10 tribes and 10 sports organizations to apply for a license.

“During the process of developing the rules for event betting, the department made it a priority to collect as much feedback from the public and stakeholders as possible, especially on aspects such as the awarding of bets. licensing, “gaming department director Ted Vogt said in a statement on Friday. “The award decision we are announcing today is a direct result of these efforts, helping to ensure the fairness and fairness of the process for all applicants. “

Tribes that have been licensed and the professional affiliates they have partnered with include:

– Fort Mojave Indian Tribe, in partnership with SuperBook Sports, which is affiliated with Westgate Las Vegas, based in Las Vegas.

– San Carlos Apache Tribe, in partnership with WynnBET, based in Las Vegas.

– The Hualapai Tribe, based in Northwest Arizona and the operation closest to Las Vegas, in partnership with Golden Nugget, Houston, operated by Fertitta Entertainment and its executive, Tilman Fertitta.

– Quechan Tribe, in partnership with UniBet Arizona.

– Tonto Apache, in partnership with Churchill Downs, based in Kentucky.

– San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe, in partnership with Digital Gaming Corp., which has offices in Florida and New Jersey.

– The Navajo Nation, the largest tribe in the United States.

– Tohono O’odham Nation.

– Indian community of Ak-Chin.

– Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation.

The eight sports teams that have been licensed include:

– The Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League, in partnership with BetMGM, based in Las Vegas.

– Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball, in partnership with William Hill, which is affiliated with Caesars Entertainment.

– The National Basketball Association Phoenix Suns, in partnership with fantasy sports operator FanDuel.

– The Women’s National Basketball Association Phoenix Mercury, in partnership with Bally’s Corp, based in Rhode Island.

– The Professional Golfers Association TPC Scottsdale, in partnership with fantasy sports operator DraftKings.

– The Phoenix Speedway, affiliated with NASCAR, in partnership with Penn National Gaming Inc., based in Pennsylvania.

– The Indoor Football League Arizona Rattlers, in partnership with Chicago-based Rush Street Interactive.

– The Phoenix Coyotes of the National Hockey League.

Licensed properties are allowed to start marketing their products and operating fantastic sports on Saturday. Fantasy sports operators include DraftKings, FanDuel, FFPC, Yahoo, Fantasy Sports Shark, and Underdog Sports.

Contact Richard N. Velotta at [email protected] or 702-477-3893. To follow @RickVelotta on Twitter.


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Why army helicopters are named after native tribes will make you smile

The Air Force is working on redesigning the equipment used by female pilots across the force after facing challenges with current flight equipment.

“We have women who go on every combat mission, and we owe it to them to have gear that fits, that suits a woman’s figure and (a) can be in it for hours,” said the Air Force Chief of Staff, General David. L. Goldfein at a Defense Writers Group Breakfast, March 2018 in Washington, DC

Much of the equipment currently worn by pilots was constructed from anthropometric data from the 1960s, a time when only men played the roles of aviator.

The lack of variety and representation in current designs has caused multiple problems for women, said Col. Samantha Weeks, commander of the 14th Flight Training Wing, assigned to Columbus Air Force Base in Mississippi.


There are many uniform issues circulating around G suits, flight suits, urinary tracts, and life vests.

“The challenges that other female aviators and I face are the fit and availability of our flight equipment,” said Captain Lauren Ellis, general manager of the 57th Adversary Tactics Group.

The limited sizes and accessibility often force flight attendants to order the wrong size and change it drastically to fit properly, which takes time and money for the mission, Ellis said.

A female flight equipment workshop participant describes the issues women face with current urinary tracts at AFWERX Vegas, Las Vegas, Jan. 30, 2019.

(U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Bailee A. Darbasie)

“All of the bladders in my G suit need to be changed,” Ellis said. “It’s a lot of work for Aircrew Flight Equipment, or AFE, Airmen. Even after being changed, the proportions do not match.

G suits are essential anti-gravity gear for aviators. The suit bladders fill with air and apply pressure to the rider’s body to prevent loss of consciousness during strong acceleration. Not having a properly fitted G-suit can lead to hypoxia followed by loss of consciousness.

Ellis said ill-fitting flight suits are a common problem for both men and women. Crews whose size is significantly larger or smaller than the average find it difficult to find combinations suited to their morphology.

Even if a woman finds a flight suit close to her waist, the flight suit zipper is designed for men, not women. Female flight attendants find it difficult to relieve themselves during flights because the zipper on the flight suit is not low enough for them to properly use their urinary tract.

“There are flight suits designed with longer zippers for women, but they are hardly ever available,” Ellis said. “It is common for women to have to wait months to receive the flight suit they ordered, forcing them to wear the male suit.”

Why army helicopters are named after native tribes will make you smile

Participants of the Women’s Flight Equipment Workshop examine various flight suit designs at AFWERX Vegas, Las Vegas, Jan. 30, 2019.

(U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Bailee A. Darbasie)

In addition to the risk of injury and discomfort associated with G suits and flight suits, women find it difficult to adapt their rescue equipment accordingly. The ejection process is so powerful that even pilots with properly fitted gear are at serious risk of injury. It is important that the Airmen have their voices heard and the modernization of equipment for everyone continues, Ellis said.

“In some situations, having poorly fitted gear, like harnesses and life vests, can result in loss of life,” Ellis said. “If a crew member ejects from the plane with the wrong equipment, they can be seriously injured or die.

The Air Force and Air Combat Command are working to find a workable solution for the crew members.

Part of the strategy to correct the uniform issue was to participate in several collaborative women’s flight equipment workshops at AFWERX Vegas. Female aviators stationed around the world traveled to the innovation center and attended workshops to explore areas of opportunity and come up with solutions.

“The purpose of the workshops is to bring together female aviators, flight crew, human systems program office staff and subject matter experts to understand current products, the procurement process and real needs in the field.” , Weeks said.

Throughout the workshops, Airmen participated in briefings, as well as discussions and exercises with the agencies involved in the design and distribution of their equipment.

“The Human Systems Program Office acquires and maintains all equipment for male and female Airmen,” said Lt. Col. Elaine Bryant, deputy chief of the Human Systems Program Office, assigned to Wright Air Force Base. Patterson, Ohio. “We are committed to hearing the voices of our consumers and we will make the necessary changes to our current process to meet their needs. “

Why army helicopters are named after native tribes will make you smile

Participants of the Women’s Flight Equipment Workshop discuss the pros and cons of multi-piece body armor at AFWERX Vegas, Las Vegas, Jan. 30, 2019.

(U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Bailee A. Darbasie)

The workshops established the necessary communication between the consumer, designers and suppliers to achieve a common goal of understanding and development.

“We now have pretty clear actions coming from the women’s flight equipment shops,” said Bryant. “We have heard the comments and we want to make sure we have real things that we are doing within specific timeframes for our consumers. “

The Human Systems Program Office will strive to make incremental changes within their operations and improve their procurement process, Bryant explained.

“We will be taking the ground on their offers to go out into the units and meet with the aircrew that we provide for,” said Bryant. “We will ensure that we maintain the lines of communication necessary to improve our program. “

Another major improvement for female aviators is the adoption of the Battlefield Airmen Rapid Resource Replenishment System, a centrally managed equipment installation. BARS is able to ship the necessary resources directly to female flight attendants. Using this system will allow women to acquire the appropriate equipment they need within an acceptable timeframe.

“BARS is a step in the right direction,” said Ellis. “Everyone deserves to have the right equipment. There are some things we have to adapt to, but as long as we try to improve and modernize our equipment, we can be a more ready and deadly force.

“The Air Force has evolved over the years and continues to evolve,” echoed Weeks. “The female aviators entering the Air Force now will not have the same problems I have had for the past 21 years.”

Information from an ACC news article was used in this story.

This article originally appeared on United States Air Force. Follow @USAF on Twitter.

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Governor Polis rescinds former governor’s order targeting native Colorado tribes – by Jan Wondra

Governor Jared Polis this morning hosted an executive order signing ceremony on the steps of the Colorado State Capitol, which attempts to correct Colorado’s history regarding the state’s treatment of its Native American population .

The ordinance “rescinds the proclamations of Territorial Governor John Evans [the state’s second territorial governor] which was shamefully aimed and endangered the lives of American Indians, ”the governor’s office told reporters on Monday evening.

Colorado Governor Jared Polis enters the chamber of the House of Representatives to deliver his first state-of-state address during a joint session of the Colorado Legislature on Thursday, January 10, 2019 in Denver. (AP Photo / David Zalubowski)

Polis was joined on the Capitol steps by Lieutenant Governor Dianne Primavera and members of the Southern Ute, Ute Mountain, Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes, as well as other members of the American Indian and Alaska Indian communities of Colorado.

Evans served as Colorado’s second territorial governor for three years of the Civil War, 1862-1865. Although Mount Evans and the town of Evans both bear his name, his record to Colorado’s early occupiers was shameful.

Not only did he not alleviate the mostly irrational fears of settlers that their new settlements, including Denver, would be overrun by Indians, but he resigned after being held responsible for the Sand Creek massacre.

At dawn on November 29, 1864, approximately 675 American volunteer soldiers commanded by Colonel John M. Chivington attacked a village of about 750 Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians encamped along Sand Creek in the southeastern Colorado Territory. They were there by order of the government, very close to a cavalry fort. Under Evan’s order, the cavalry ordered to go there slaughtered an entire tribe of peaceful Indians, mostly women, children and the elderly. Some members of the cavalry stationed at the fort, who had had contact with the peaceful tribes, refused to participate in the massacre.

Given its less-than-stellar performance linked to the original occupants of the state, a movement is underway to rename Mount Evans; among the most recognizable peaks visible from the Denver subway.

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New ballot measure would force Alaska to officially recognize native tribes

Three Alaska Native leaders have proposed a voting measure that would require the state of Alaska to formally recognize Native tribes within its borders.

The measure is currently under legal analysis by the Alaska Elections Division and Lt. Gov. Kevin Meyer. If the measure is certified by the state, donors will have until the start of the 2022 legislature to collect 36,140 signatures, the amount needed to place it on the ballot next fall.

The measure is identical to House Bill 123, a law from Representative Tiffany Zulkosky, D-Bethel, which was passed by State House earlier this year. According to a legal analysis, this “will have no legal impact on the relations between the state and the tribes”.

‘Wáahlaal Gidáak Barbara Blake of Juneau, one of the measure’s sponsors, said supporters believed the measure was worth it, even though it is mostly ceremonial.

“In my opinion, this is an opportunity for two (…) sovereign governments working simultaneously in our state of Alaska to have a better working relationship with each other, instead of being constantly at odds over whether the state of Alaska will recognize the existence of tribes, ”she said.

She said the tribes are constantly asking for recognition and that “it’s high on the agenda of many, many people in terms of what needs to happen next.”

The other two sponsors, also from Southeast Alaska, are La quen náay Liz Medicine Crow and Chaa yaa eesh Richard Peterson.

Peterson is President of the Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska, and Medicine Crow is President and CEO of the First Alaskans Institute. All three said they were sponsoring the measure themselves and not on behalf of their groups.

Blake said that as the legislature deals with budgetary matters, “their ability to focus on things that are necessary, like tribal recognition, tribal recognition, is just not placed center and foreground.” .

This makes a voting measure necessary, she said.

The US Supreme Court and the Alaska Supreme Court have repeatedly ruled that the federally recognized tribes – Alaska has 229 of them – are sovereign governments.

Medicine Crow said the measure would focus on “respecting and nurturing a relationship” between the state and the tribes that live within its borders.

The three sponsors have said they intend to speak with indigenous communities statewide and could withdraw the measure if it is poorly received. But given the time constraints to present it to voters in 2022, they felt they needed to act now.

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New ballot measure would force Alaska to officially recognize native tribes

August 14 — Three Alaska Native leaders have proposed an electoral measure that would require the state of Alaska to formally recognize Native tribes within its borders.

The measure is currently under legal analysis by the Alaska Elections Division and Lt. Gov. Kevin Meyer. If the measure is certified by the state, donors will have until the start of the 2022 legislature to collect 36,140 signatures, the amount needed to place it on the ballot next fall.

The measure is identical to House Bill 123, a law from Representative Tiffany Zulkosky, D-Bethel, which was passed by State House earlier this year. According to a legal analysis, it “will have no legal impact on the relations between the state and the tribes”.

‘Wáahlaal Gidáak Barbara Blake of Juneau, one of the measure’s sponsors, said supporters believed the measure was worth it, even though it is mostly ceremonial.

“In my opinion, this is an opportunity for two … sovereign governments working simultaneously in our state of Alaska to have a better working relationship with each other, instead of constantly being in disagreement over whether or not the state of Alaska will recognize the existence of tribes, ”she said.

She said the tribes have consistently demanded recognition and that “it’s high on the agenda of many, many people in terms of what needs to happen next.”

The other two sponsors, also from Southeast Alaska, are La quen náay Liz Medicine Crow and Chaa yaa eesh Richard Peterson.

Peterson is President of the Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska, and Medicine Crow is President and CEO of the First Alaskans Institute. All three said they were sponsoring the measure themselves and not on behalf of their groups.

Blake said that as the legislature deals with budgetary matters, “their ability to focus on things that are necessary, like tribal recognition, tribal recognition, is just not placed center and foreground.” .

This makes a voting measure necessary, she said.

The US Supreme Court and the Alaska Supreme Court have repeatedly ruled that the federally recognized tribes – Alaska has 229 of them – are sovereign governments.

Medicine Crow said the measure would focus on “respecting and nurturing a relationship” between the state and the tribes that live within its borders.

The three sponsors have said they intend to speak with indigenous communities statewide and could withdraw the measure if it is poorly received. But given the time constraints to present it to voters in 2022, they felt they needed to act now.

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Slick Cash Loan Does Not Offer Credit Check Loans For Urgent Funding Needs

Slick Cash Loan does not advertise any credit check loans to meet urgent and unforeseen financing needs.

Slick Cash Loan, the first online loan company known for its innovative loan products, has announced another option for borrowers. The No Credit Check Loan offers an easy way to get that extra financial support for those who need money urgently but are unable to raise the funds they need through conventional lending resources.

“We are pleased to offer our clients another innovative and easy-to-use loan service that can put money in their wallets faster than ever before,” said Slick Cash Loan spokesperson. “The Slick Cash Loan is an easy way to meet your emergency expenses. You can apply online and get a quick response with the money in your bank in the shortest possible time.

No credit check loan from a smooth cash loan offer a more convenient way to meet urgent financial obligations because this type of loan does not require a credit check. Slick Cask lenders will not review the applicant’s financial history, but will use other criteria to determine their eligibility.

No credit check loan includes payday loans and personal installment loans.

Payday loans are approved within minutes of application in most cases. The repayment is tied to the borrower’s check. Payday loans have a short repayment term of around two weeks. The downside of a payday loan is its high interest rate.

Personal installment loans are considered a safer option than payday loans because they are available at a favorable interest rate. The biggest advantage of this type of loan is that borrowers don’t have to pay it all at once. They can repay the loan amount in installments without having to stretch their budget.

No credit check loan is processed faster because a credit check is a time consuming practice and can slow down the loan verification process considerably. The Loan No Credit Check By Slick Cash Loan follows a very smart and intuitive process and guarantees fast approval for those who are eligible for this type of loan.

Borrowers looking for quick cash can get approved for loans up to $ 5,000 using the no credit check loan method. They can get the money they need in their account the very next day.

According to the Slick Cash Loan, a US resident over the age of 18 with a permanent address in the US cannot qualify for any credit check loans if they have verifiable contact information, a cell phone number, and his own bank account. They must also be employed and have a stable source of income.

About Slick Cash Loan:

Slick Cash Loan is the best resource for finding the right solution for fast and reliable loans. Loan experts can help borrowers find the best lenders and ensure quick and easy access to money when needed. Slick Cash Loan has a large network of partners across the United States. The company is distinguished by its easy approval and rapid financing of loans of all types.

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Company Name: Slick cash loan
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Call: (888) 200-7445
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Best No Credit Cards For August 2021

We want to help you make better informed decisions. Certain links on this page – clearly marked – may direct you to a partner website and earn us a referral commission. For more information, see How we make money.

One factor that matters most in determining what type of credit card you can get approved for is your credit score. For example, to get approved for the popular Chase Sapphire Preferred® card, you will need a good to excellent credit score, ranging from 670 to 850.

But what if you have a credit score in the “very bad” range of 300 to 579 on the FICO scale? Or if you don’t have a credit history, for example if you just moved to the United States?

You still have options, but they aren’t as many as you would have with a higher score.

If your credit score falls into this category, or if you don’t have a credit history, it might be worth looking into some credit cards whose issuers don’t perform credit checks. Instead, they will only allow you to borrow up to a limit equivalent to the money you deposited with the issuer, or will be linked to your bank account to withdraw funds directly.

To help you choose, we’ve rounded up some of the best cards on the market that don’t need a credit check when you apply.

What does a credit check reveal?

When an issuer or lender checks your credit report, it reveals a few things about you, including your name; current and previous address; your employer, if you have provided it to creditors or lenders; revolving accounts such as credit cards and lines of credit; installment loans such as student loans or a mortgage payment; open and closed accounts; account payment history; recent credit and loan applications; all unpaid debts; and any bankruptcy, repossession or seizure.

Pro tip

To build or improve your credit score, it’s important not only to pay your bills on time and regularly, but to look at all of the factors that come into play, such as how much of your available credit you are using.

Your credit score is different from your credit report, but it is affected by factors that appear on your credit report, such as your payment history. Overall, your score depends on a bunch of factors, for example, how much available credit you’re using and how long you’ve had credit for.

What if you have bad credit or no credit?

Building credit and having a strong credit rating is a key financial strategy as it will unlock many financial milestones such as having a credit card, applying for a car loan, or getting a mortgage.

If you don’t have good credit, or no credit at all, you’ll probably have a harder time applying for mid-level and premium credit cards, which will give you rewards like cash back or points that you earn. will be able to exchange for travel.

To improve or build your credit score, you must first pay all loan bills on time and if possible in full each month, as payment history represents 35% of your FICO credit score. Late payments show up on your credit report after 30 days and stay there for seven years.

We also recommend that you do not use all the credit you have available. The amount you use is known as the credit utilization ratio, or the ratio of your outstanding balances to the available limit.

Plus, since the length of your credit history affects your overall credit score, it’s a good idea to keep old accounts open and active. If you’re a good customer, you can always call your card issuer and ask for better terms, such as lower interest rates or higher credit card limits. If you have a card with an annual fee that you want to cancel because it no longer serves your financial goals or provides enough value to offset the fees, consider upgrading to a no-fee card instead to preserve your account and l history that goes with that.

Best credit cards without a credit check

If your credit score is below average – or if you don’t have one at all – and you’re looking to get approved for a credit card without a credit check, these cards will be your best bet.

OpenSky® Secured Visa® Credit Card

With the OpenSky Secure Visa Credit Card, you can set your credit limit, ranging from $ 200 to $ 3,000. The issuer will report your payments to the three major credit bureaus — Equifax®, Experian®, and TransUnion® — which will help you build your credit, and you will need to make a $ 200 security deposit.

If you want to get the deposit back after establishing better credit and a higher credit score, you will need to close your account. The card charges a variable APR rate of 17.39% and an annual fee of $ 35.

GO2bank secure credit card

the GO2bank credit card has no annual fee, and you can set your credit limit by making an initial, refundable security deposit of at least $ 100, which will also be set as your credit limit.

You can also get a free monthly credit score from VantageScore® powered by Equifax® so you can regularly check your progress towards improving your credit score. GO2bank will also report your creditworthiness to the three major bureaus on a monthly basis. The card charges an APR rate of 22.99% on unpaid balances in full.

Applied Bank® Secured Visa® Gold Preferred® credit card

Once approved for Applied Bank Secured Visa Gold Preferred Card, you can deposit any amount of money between $ 200 and $ 1,000 to serve as a line of credit. In addition, you will have access to Applied Advantage® Program, where you can get discounts from retailers like Macy’s, JCPenney, and Kohl’s.

The card has an annual fee of $ 48 and a relatively low fixed APR rate of just 9.99%. He also does a monthly report to the three credit bureaus.

Tomo Card

Unlike most of the other cards on this list, the Tomo Card is unique in that it does not require a security deposit, has no annual fee, or has no APR rate. He also earns 1% cash back on all purchases. You can redeem your points via the account dashboard 28 days after full payment of the previous month’s statement.

Tomo will examine your bank account to determine your credit limit, which will range from $ 100 to $ 10,000. It reports to the three major credit bureaus and your account is set to automatically pay every week so you can’t carry a balance, which you’ll then have to pay interest on.

Native American Tribes Use Art To Promote Preservation

The country’s National Mall will be a little more colorful starting today to remind some of the country’s indigenous communities to preserve their history.

Home Secretary Deb Haaland welcomes a totem pole sculpted by sculptors from the Lummi Nation.

Organizers hope this is a reminder to ensure that tribal communities are included in decisions about their lands and resources.

“The 21st century is a great time to reestablish these consensual relationships because Mother Earth is in crisis,” says Judith LeBlanc, director of the Native Organizers Alliance.

As part of the “Red Road to DC” tour, organizers are bringing a totem pole honoring sacred indigenous places as a gift to President Joe Biden urging him to immediately protect sacred sites. The totem pole crossed the country, stopping in places and resources threatened by development and infrastructure projects.

Lummi Nation’s House of Tears Sculptors have traveled 20,000 miles across the country from Turtle Island this summer, performing over 115 blessing ceremonies during the #RedRoadtoDC Totem Pole Journey. The trip aims to bring people together, along with attention and action, to support frontline Indigenous communities working to protect their sacred lands and waters from mining and closure.

The totem pole and tens of thousands of signatures and stories were presented at a ceremony on the National Mall.

From now on, the totem pole will be on display in front of the National Museum of the American Indian until July 31, where an exhibit of the House of Tears Carvers’ totem journeys is on display.

The tour is sponsored by the Native Organizers Alliance, Se’Si’Le, the Natural History Museum, the National Congress of American Indians and IllumiNative.

(Disclaimer: this story is auto-generated from a syndicated feed; only the image and title may have been reworked by www.republicworld.com)

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Three Native American Tribes, Four York County Artists

After writing “Harrisburg Art in the Wild: An Eco-Friendly Fantasy World, ” I want to know more about the influence of nature on art.

My family took me to the Indian Steps Museum in Airville when I was a child, my first exposure to Native American culture. But I haven’t developed this interest until now. So, I start my dive into local and indigenous art.

I find little.

As a last resort, I turn to the power of social media, posting an appeal to all on Facebook. York County Fashion, my friends put me in touch with four Native American artists.

These Native American descendants celebrate their heritage in four different ways.

Kim Olson Richardson (Springettsbury Township) and the Haliwa-Saponi people

Ruby Olson moved to York County in the 1960s from North Carolina. Newly married, she gave birth to three children, including her youngest named Kim (Olson Richardson). Ruby has made sure her babies know and practice their Haliwa-Saponi roots. Since Hollister, North Carolina has remained their tribal home, each April they made a pilgrimage to the annual powwow.

There, Kim and her siblings celebrated their legacy by dancing. the Fancy shawl dance, for example, takes athleticism and aims to mimic the elegant, plunging wings of a butterfly opening from the chrysalis. Kim also participated in the Jingle Dance of the Ojibwe in which 365 cones are sewn into the dress to represent each day of the year.

Kim Richardson competing as Fancy Shawl Dancer (1987 or 1988). Photo taken at Haliwa-Saponi Tribal powwow in Hollister, North Carolina.

On an annual trip to the powwow, Kim met Roger richardson also from the Haliwa-Saponi tribe – her future husband.

“Living far away is a little hard to stay involved,” Kim tells me, “but we’ve always been able to do it because it’s important to us.”

Kim doesn’t dance anymore. She’s a saleswoman.

Native Americans are usually depicted with headdresses. However, “Our people did not wear war caps,” Kim says. “So I launched a line of t-shirts highlighting the natives of the eastern woods called Moc70. ”

Kim Olson Richardson’s t-shirt company Moc70 features images of her tribe. Photo by Kim Olson Richardson.
Kim Richardson not only designs her own clothes, but also silkscreen them by hand. Photo by Kim Olson Richardson.

Since they couldn’t organize a powwow, COVID greatly affected the tribe’s ability to celebrate their culture. But this summer will be different. Pow-wows are scheduled, including THIS LIST upcoming events in PA.

Kim Richardson’s little cousin and a few other “toddler” dancers in their badges at the annual powwow. Photo by Kim Olson Richardson.

Raine Dawn (Spring Grove) of the Anishinaabe people

Raine Dawn Valentine, from The Anishinaabe people are part of the Chippewa tribe of Turtle Mountain, still located in North Dakota. Her mother attended boarding school from the age of six until she graduated at the age of 16.

“She was not allowed to know or learn our native traditions,” Raine tells me. “She lived in the days when natives were brainwashed into American culture.” (Jim McClure and I will explore assimilation further in an upcoming Witness York article.)

It wasn’t until adulthood that Raine began to learn and connect more deeply with his heritage. She returns to her family in North Dakota to learn all she can. “My culture influences my everyday life and my teaching, ”says Raine. “I am always connected to our Seven Teachings and share traditions with others.”

Raine Dawn expresses his heritage in his art. She paints on canvas, on murals and even on skin with henna – an art form where the dye is applied to the skin. She believes that “our Spirit is the non-physical part of a person which is the seat of their emotions and character.” Image by Raine Dawn.

For Raine, art and spirituality are deeply united. “Art also connects us more deeply with nature, which brings us back to our center and plunges us into a meditative state that opens us to hearing this higher divine self,” she says.

Raine has been teaching art for 13 years at Ridgely College in Baltimore County and an assistant at Notre Dame University in Maryland where she teaches graduate students the methods of teaching art in the high school classroom. There, she infused her Native American customs into her classes.

“Being a teacher means that I can help our young people see and know each other better,” says Raine. “Art created our world, and our students need to know that they have the power to create the world as they see it from their own imaginations. ”

Jess McPherson (Township of Spring Garden); A Susquehanna Indian of Shawnee origin

Like Raine Dawn, Jess mcpherson also creates art. However, she found herself most engaged in making pearl and thread jewelry.

As an artist, Jess McPherson has traveled to tribal communities along the east coast, selling her jewelry and raising awareness about culture. In doing so, it preserves its culture. Photo by Jess McPherson.

An exhibition titled “Homesick” shows the connection between Jess, her cultures (she is also German from Pennsylvania) and the land. Jess took some dried herbs, along with her art partner Donna Sylvester, turned them over and tied them together. As they hung the piece up in the air, the herbs “started to bond with the living grass beneath our feet,” Jess tells me. “Outside of that connection… We started to see them as outbreaks or childbirths. To me, they are also a bit like empty cocoons.

As the artists came together and lived with their installation, they noticed subtle movements. “In a few pieces, their ropes came down and gently caressed the ground, seeking the ground as they did when they connected with the living grasses beneath our feet that day.”

Their exhibit was on display along the river at LOwercase Gallery in Wrightsville, Pa., where community members brought their own pieces to incorporate into their artwork, either by weaving them or leaving them at the base as offerings.

“These budding ships and ropes seemed to have a certain desire,” McPherson says. “As we worked with them and understood their stories, they felt a little nostalgic or yearned for a familiar connection. Photo by Jess McPherson.

Here are some of her participations and ways you can learn more about local initiatives:

Jack Richardson (Township of Manchester) and the Haliwa-Saponi people

Jack and Kim are parents. They are both from the Haliwa-Saponi people of North Carolina. When their children were young, together with others, they created a cultural group. They wanted to involve their kids in the dances, including the powwow they started at Indian Steps.

But instead of t-shirts, Jack makes drums. “You find something you like, and it’s part of nature, it’s good to get involved like that,” he says.

First it reaches the leather elk, cow, deer or buffalo. Last year he tanned his own buckskin, but he won’t do it again. “It’s a bit of work, so I don’t think I want to do it anymore.”

Then he builds the drum cylinder using western cedar. “It’s light,” he says, which makes it easier for drummers to carry. A few coats of polyurethane ensure that water will not damage the wood.

Using leather bands, Jack pulls the skin tightly over the cedar cylinder, but not too tightly. If there isn’t enough flex in the face of the drum, that beautiful, deep sound won’t reverberate. Finally, he assembles the drummer so that the musician has his tool.

I am fortunate to hear Jack play and sing for me. Watch a short clip on my instagram @WanderinginYork. Photo by Jamie Kinsley.

Each drum takes four to five hours to build. You can purchase one at the Native American Festival on September 11-12 at the Indian Steps Museum (Airville).

Three tribes, four artists

Kim Olson Richardson of Springettsbury Township makes t-shirts. Raine Dawn from Spring Grove painted. Jess McPherson from Spring Garden Township sews beads. Jack Richardson of Manchester Township manufactures drums.

Three from different tribes, and they all express themselves in different art forms.

A misconception is that “Native American culture” is a monolithic experience. It’s not. Hundreds of Indian nations flourished in the United States before colonization.

After Europeans settled in America, many customs were lost. Yet many American Indians and their descendants keep the traditions alive. And just like the plethora of practices of their ancestors, contemporary artists fit into a wide range of indigenous cultures.

Kim, Raine Dawn, Jess and Jack all explore their identity, history and culture through art. “The importance of each person’s role in the arts,” writes Jess, “is easily demonstrable and an incredible tool for teaching people that they are important, that their thoughts and experiences matter. “

A Kim Richardson beaded mortar board for her daughter after graduating from Widener University (2018). Photo by Kim Olson Richardson.

Learn more about Native American art:


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